How do you know you are effective? You need to determine whether you have done what you claim to have done. This is formative evaluation. You need to determine whether you had immediate results of what you did. This is proximal-outcome summative evaluation. You can also see whether you had more far-reaching consequences. This is distal-outcome summative evaluation. The RAM Group uses all three levels of evaluation, and some of our members are highly experienced in organizing this approach to program evaluation. When entities are at a loss as to how they can show their effectiveness, including how they can measure outcomes with their limited resources, the RAM Group can help.